Education – Tips For Teaching Learners Who Are Struggling

Guest post by Amy Simon

It is always concerning to a parent when they discover that their child is falling behind in the classroom. When this happens, it is best to systematically consider possible causes. One common cause of a relatively sudden decline in academic performance is vision or hearing loss. It may not occur to either teachers or parents that a child cannot now see the board, where they were once able to. The change might have been so gradual that the student does not realize it either. Even if they do, they may be reluctant to mention it to their parents, primarily because they don’t want glasses! So, if your child suddenly experiences difficulty, a vision and hearing assessment might be in order.

If a child’s hearing and vision is adequate, it may be time to visit the pediatrician. These medical professionals can assist with identifying attention problems and can provide referrals for others who might be able to evaluate your child for a learning issue. Ultimately, a pediatrician can rule out any organic condition that might be causing your child to have difficulty learning.

If everything checks out well from your child’s medical evaluation, it is wise to consider enlisting some one-on-one help, combined with an effective teaching system. Luckily, there are some effective strategies or teaching practices that can be implemented by teachers, tutors, and parents that can help learners who struggle in academic areas. These strategies involve setting up an appropriate learning environment, providing adequate support, and designing and implementing effective instruction.

Setting Up a Learning Environment

When considering the best ways to set up an appropriate learning environment, we should likely keep in mind the things our mother used to tell us. Find a well-lit, well-ventilated location. Work or study at a table, where there is ample space. Do not attempt to tackle a reading assignment while lying on the bed or on the couch. Most importantly, find a location that is distraction-free. Attempting to learn the causes of the Civil War is difficult to do while watching a reality show on TV!

Providing Adequate Support

When students are struggling with a particular academic task, the worst thing is for them to feel isolated. Many are reluctant to ask for help from the teacher. After all, when the teacher asks, “Are there any questions?”, is anyone actually going to ask one, in front of everyone? There are many ways to provide additional support to a learner. For example, the teacher might do a “progress check” from time to time during an assignment, to ensure that the learner understands the assignment. The teacher might provide a “study buddy” or “peer tutor”; often, children would much rather work with another student in their class rather than with the teacher or instructional aide. Parents may offer additional support to their child by monitoring homework sessions and helping students prepare for tests. They may seek the services of a private tutor for a couple of sessions each week.

Designing Instruction

When designing effective instruction, be mindful that very few students learn easily from information that is presented in a lecture format. Focus on teaching to a variety of modalities. For visual learners (which most children are), use pictures, videos, graphic organizers, charts, graphs, tables, and time lines. For auditory learners, use songs, music, lectures, discussions, and debates. Nearly every child can benefit from kinesthetic, hands-on activities. Isn’t it much more meaningful to learn about anatomy through frog dissection, rather than reading a chapter and answering questions about anatomy?

Implementing Effective Instructions

Besides designing well-conceived instruction, some practices will make instruction even more effective. First, provide frequent breaks for students. There is no point in asking a student with attention difficulties to sit for a long period of time and to focus on a single task. At home, parents should help students break their study time into segments in order for students to be able to engage efficiently in a task. Teachers, parents, and tutors should assist students with focusing on essential information, not trivia. For example, when studying about the Abraham Lincoln, the most important information is related to his presidency and his influence on the outcome of the Civil War, not the name of the theater in which he was assassinated. In addition, one way to ensure that students will retain information is to review often. Rather than beginning to prepare for a test two days prior to it, students should be encouraged to do distributed practice – intermittent sessions of study for more than a week leading up to the test. This prevents “cramming”, and allows students ample time to learn the information well enough to recall it.

Students who have difficulty often do not simply “pick up” on strategies or techniques that help them learn. They need to have these directly taught to them by teachers, tutors, and parents. These tips are easy to implement and teach to students. The best part is that not only students who have difficulty will benefit from these tips – all students will.

Based in Chicago, IL, Lessons in Your Home.com provides online profiles to private tutors and music teachers throughout the United States. Its business model is designed to lower costs for students while increasing pay for teachers. The site offers in-depth, searchable instructor profiles, instructor background screening services, and allows students to contact instructors directly to arrange terms and services. Currently, Lessons in Your Home.com offers 300 subject areas in 405 regions in the United States. Visit our site at http://www.lessonsinyourhome.com.

Teaching Kids About Energy

[from Lorie Moffat]

Your son or daughter comes home from school with questions about energy. How do you begin to explain such a vast concept? Teaching kids about this subject starts with conveying that there are many forms of it around us and even inside us. Life as we know it would not exist without it. This force is so important that all food packages list Calories, an old energy unit. Energy is either stored or involved with motion.

The property of an object or a system (a group of objects) which enables it to do work is called energy. You need it to do work or to apply a force across a distance, meaning to move something. If it does involve moving an object, it is called kinetic. A ball rolling downhill has kinetic energy. It can also come from the position of an object or its arrangement. This type is called potential or stored energy. A ball that is stationary on the slope of a hill before it begins to roll down has what is known as gravitational potential energy. As the ball rolls downhill, the potential force it had is changed into kinetic. That is an example of the law of energy conservation; it cannot be created or destroyed, it changes form from one type to another.

Since it does change from one form to another, sometimes it is difficult to determine whether it is potential or kinetic. It can even be potential and kinetic simultaneously, such as thermal energy or heat. Even a moving object can have both potential and kinetic at the same time. As the ball rolls downhill, it changes from potential to kinetic. As it rolls, at any specific time, the total amount of force that the ball has does not change; the law of energy conservation holds. This type is considered mechanical energy.

When teaching kids about energy it’s important to relay that besides the motion of objects other types of kinetic energy include radiant, or light; radiant heat; acoustic, or sound; and electrical, or electricity through wires. Other types of potential energy include electrical energy stored in a battery, chemical, nuclear, magnetic, and solar; all stored in atoms or molecules. Elastic energy is potential energy within a fluid or solid that can be converted into mechanical.

Can there ever be a perpetual motion machine? That is, a machine that never stops moving and constantly creates its own energy as it works? Most machines noticeably heat up as they operate. This heat is from friction. The energy that goes into a machine is always greater than the amount of work it produces, because some of the initial energy changes into friction. Because friction is never completely eliminated, the energy going into a machine is always going to be larger than the machine’s output. A machine can never run indefinitely, so a perpetual motion machine cannot exist.

When teaching kids about energy you can explain the different types. It is either kinetic, involving motion, or potential, which is stored. It even changes form from one to another, leading to the law of energy conservation. It cannot be created or destroyed, it transforms from one type to another type. A perpetual motion machine cannot exist since such a device would counteract the law of energy conservation. Energy is a fascinating and vast subject but by remembering these basics, teaching kids about energy can be simple and fun.

Lorie Moffat invites you to watch a FREE Demonstration of How My Unique 1 on 1 Online Classroom With Full Voice Boosts Your Child’s Math and Science Grades Today. Go to http://www.loriesonlinetutoring.com.

Thought for Thursday

Parenthood: That state of being better chaperoned than you were before marriage.
~Marcelene Cox

The Beauty of England – Nature Meditation Video

Beautiful pictures of England set to music by David Hicken with quotes from The Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu.

“You, yourself, as much as anybody in the entire universe, deserve your love and affection.”

— Buddha

Hector Protector

Hector Protector is a “safety button” to protect children from inappropriate Internet content.  The Hector safety button is the first stage of the Internet Safety Group’s education initiative – Hector’s World – designed for children between the ages of 3 and 10.  For more information see  www.netsafe.org.au

“Wherever you are is always the right place. There is never a need to fix anything, to hitch up the bootstraps of the soul and start at some higher place. Start right where you are.”

— Julia Cameron

Adolescent sleep problems: Why is your teen so tired?

Adolescents are notorious for staying up late at night and being hard to rouse in the morning. Your teens are probably no exception. But it’s not necessarily because they’re lazy or contrary. This behavior pattern actually has a real physical cause. And there are ways to help mesh your adolescent’s sleep schedule with that of the rest of the world.

Read the list here